The Hansen Gambit

I would like to welcome my Dannish friend Bent Hansen to the team of editors on elo2000.com! He is going to prepare some interesting articles about openings for you and his first shot is dedicated to the special gambit. I hope you will like it!

Today I would like to spent some time on an opening that I have been using for years. I am NOT the inventor off this line, but I am not able to find a name for this line, so just for “FUN” I would like to call it: the Hansen gambit. (I hope I don’t get in trouble with that).
It is a VERY easy opening to learn, the most players know the line anyway, although it requires that you spend a little time, on other variations since black is NOT forced to play it as I have set it up. I will point that out in this post.

1.e4 e5.
2.d4 exd4
notes that Nf3 is all so OK here, but I play 2 d4 for two reasons. First of all I “prevent” the Latvin gambit 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f5, which demands knowing a lot of theory (if black plays this anyway: 1.e4 e5 2.d4 f5 then 3.exf5 – … and white is looking at Qh5+ at the next move, and black have a lot of weak spots on the kingside.). Secondly I also prevent the Phillidore defence: 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 (If black plays d6 anyway, then a nice attack can be played e.g. 1.e4 e5 2.d4 d6 and now 3.dxe5 dxe5 4.Qxd8+ – … ), which alo depend on your theory knowledge and tactic skills, which can be a small task for the new player.
3. Nf3 Nc6 (also possible is Bc5, which gives the same position. But note that black can play: 3. Nf3 c5. If you want a bit of “FUN”, you can try to analyse the move order: 3.Nf3 c5 4.b4 cxb4 5.Bc4… and 4.b4 Nf6 5.e5 Nd5 6.Bc4 – … just to see if this suits your playing style. But please notes that is kind of play that can backfire to your self. This “gambit” move ( 4.b4 – … ) is a bit doubtful, but fun to look at.
So now the position looks like this :
Diagram 1

This is known as the starting position of the scotch opening. (It normaly starts with: 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 ) Lets move on….
4.Bc4 Bc5 Black is NOT forced to play this, and you need to know a bit about other moves here, I’m not going to spend a lot of time on this, but possible is Nf6 which will transfer the game in to Scotch game and with possible to end in Max-Lange gambit (which is nice to know from white side)
5.c3 dxc3. Please notw that black can move 5.c3 Nf6 here as well. Which will bring the game into Italian game – Giuoco Piano… So be ready for that!

Anyway. To enter this line black takes on c3, and the position looks like this.
Diagram 2

And now white is ready to launch the attacking plan. So here I come
6.Bxf7+! There is not much black can do about this move, beside to take the bishop.
6…. Kxf7
7.Qd5+

Diagram 3

The idea of this opening and attack, is to take black out of theory, and “BLOW” his mind away as fast as possible and to make the player ask himself: “WHAT THE H** IS GOING ON HERE??”

There are 2 move here.
A. 7…. Kf8 (better then line B)
8.Qxc5 d6
9.Qxc3 Nf6

White have blown up black´s king side, and black HAVE TO FIGHT in this position.

B. 7…. Ke8?!
I would say this is a waste of time, and even looses a tempi.
8.Qh5+ – black either has to move the king to f8 (we can ask: WHY NOT THE MOVE BEFORE THEN ??) or play g6, but white has a huge advantage, due to the weak spots on kingside (eg. f7 h8)
8…. g6
9.Qxc5 d6
(9. … Nf6 10.Nxc3 with a nice + for white)
10.Qxc3 Nf6 (10. … – Qf6 is possible ) white has a VERY nice and convenience position.
Diagram 4

I hope all enjoyed this block, and learn a bit from it. I wish you ALL GOOD LUCK, if you try this line (gambit).

Bent Hansen



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One Response to “The Hansen Gambit”

  1. Hogeye Bill says:

    After white plays Qxc5 (in either line Kf8 or e8) black should play …Qe7. See Chess Openings for White Explained by Albert, Dzindzi, et. al.

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